Valparaiso is a city of around 300,000 on the Pacific coast of Central Chile. Frequently referred to as simply Valpo, it is located approximately 120 km west of the capital, Santiago de Chile. The city is widely known for its bohemian culture, brightly colored houses, and beautiful seaside views. Valparaiso is an important port town, and has been for hundreds of years, resulting in its being a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2003. When roaming the chaotic, hilly streets, and taking in the views and ambiance, you are not just experiencing the port amongst the colourful houses, or the funicular railways, but a complex history of Chilean national identity and politics.